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Architecture Main Page / Program Curriculum / CULTURAL HERITAGE OF ISTANBUL


Course CodeSemester Course Name LE/RC/LA Course Type Language of Instruction ECTS
Course Goals
With this course it is aimed to present the principal historical, archaeological and architectural constituents of the cultural heritage in Istanbul, to evaluate their current state, and to discuss their conservation problems. In this context, the earliest remains in the city and the historic and cultural layers of the city beginning from the Classical era to the Byzantine and Ottoman times are represented. As the constituents of cultural heritage in Istanbul, historic sites, monuments and archaeological remains survived from different periods are reconsidered and their conservation problems are evaluated. 
Special Requisite(s) English at upper indermediate level, 80% attendance, to have taken MIM5031 Tarihi Çevre Koruma ve Restorasyon Bilgisi or İÇM6002 Restorasyon.
Instructor(s) Assist. Prof. Dr. Hayriye Nisa SEMİZ
Course Assistant(s)
Schedule Monday, 13:00-17:00, Atakoy Campus, 1-C-01
Office Hour(s) Asst.Prof. Nisa SEMIZ, Thursday, 13:00-15:00, Atakoy Campus, 2-C-09
Teaching Methods and Techniques -Presenting the architectural and urban development of Istanbul and historical and cultural layers of the city, supported by visual materials. 
-Research on the selected examples of cultural heritage in Istanbul by students (individually or in groups) and presentations of the researches by the students on site.
Principle Sources Ahunbay, Z. (2012), Istanbul: A World Heritage Site, Istanbul: Rebuplic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism Publications.

Architectural Guide to Istanbul. (2005-2006). Director and editor: Afife Batur, Coordinatinor: Göze Üner. Istanbul: Chamber of Architects of Turkey Istanbul Metropolitan Branch.

İstanbul Ansiklopedisi. (1994). İstanbul Tarih Vakfı Yayınları.

Kuban, D. (1996). Istanbul: an urban history, Byzantion, Constantinopolis, Istanbul. İstanbul: The Economic and Social History Foundation of Turkey.

Mango, C. (1980). Byzantium: the empire of New Rome. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson.

Müller-Wiener, W. (2001). İstanbul’un Tarihsel Topoğrafyası: 17. yüzyıl başlarına kadar Byzantion-Konstantinopolis-İstanbul. İstanbul: Yapı Kredi Yayınları.

Yerasimos, S. (2000). İstanbul İmparatorluklar Başkenti. İstanbul: Türkiye Ekonomik ve Toplumsal Tarih Vakfı.

Other Sources Ahunbay, Z. (2011), İstanbul’da Kentsel Mimari, İstanbul: İstanbul Bilgi Üniversitesi Yayınları.

Akın, N. (2002), 19. yüzyılın ikinci yarısında Galata ve Pera. İstanbul: Literatür Yayınları.

Bassett, S. (2004). The Urban Image of late Antique Constantinople. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Çelik, Z. (1986). The remaking of Istanbul: portrait of an Ottoman city in the nineteenth century. London: University of Washington Press.

Eyice, S. (2006). Tarih Boyunca İstanbul. İstanbul: Etkileşim Yayınları.

Kafesçioğlu, Ç. (1983). Constantinopolis / Istanbul: cultural encounter, imperial vision, and the construction of the Ottoman capital. University Park: Pennysylvania State University Press

Kuban, D. (2010). Ottoman Architecture. İstanbul

Kuban, D. (1998). İstanbul Yazıları. İstanbul: YEM Yayın.

Magdalino, P. (1996). Constantinople médiévale : études sur l'évolution des structures urbaines. Paris: Boccard.

Müller-Wiener, W. (1998). Bizans’tan Osmanlı’ya İstanbul Limanı. İstanbul: Tarih Vakfı Yurt Yayınları.

Necipoğlu, G. (2005). The Age of Sinan: architectural culture in the Ottoman Empire. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

-Necipoğlu, N. (2009). Byzantium between the Ottomans and the Latins: politics and society in the late empire. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Course Schedules
Week Contents Learning Methods
1. Week Informing the students about the aim and the scope of the course Presentation with visual materials
2. Week Presentation of the historical and cultural layers of the city. The earliest remains, and Byzantion as the Greek settlement of Classical era. Establishment of Constantinople and the development of the Byzantine city in the Antiquity and the Middle Ages. Byzantine remains survived in today’s Istanbul. Presentation with visual materials
3. Week Development of Istanbul beginning from its transformation into Ottoman capital until the 19th century. Presentation with visual materials
4. Week Urban change of the city in the 19th century. Istanbul in the Republic period. First urban planning of Istanbul and construction activities beginning from the 20th century to the present. Presentation with visual materials
5. Week Legislations for the conservation of the cultural heritage in Istanbul. Istanbul Historic Peninsula as a historic site and Historic Peninsula World Heritage Sites. Conservation problems of urban, architectural and archaeological heritage in Istanbul. Site management plan of Istanbul Historic Peninsula: Decisions and applications. Presentation with visual materials
6. Week Presentation of the assignments. Presentation on site
7. Week Presentation of the assignments. Presentation on site
8. Week Republic Day
9. Week Presentation of the assignments. Presentation on site
10. Week Presentation of the assignments. Presentation on site
11. Week Presentation of the assignments. Presentation on site
12. Week Presentation of the assignments. Presentation on site
13. Week Presentation of the assignments. Presentation on site
14. Week Evaluations on the course. Lecture and discussion
15. Week
16. Week
17. Week
Evaluation tools Quantity Weight(%)

Program Outcomes
PO-1Critical Thinking: Ability to inquire, use abstract ideas to interpret information, consider diverse points of view, reach well-reasoned conclusions.
PO-2Communication: Ability to use appropriate representational media to transmit essential formal elements at design process.
PO-3Investigation: Ability to gather, record, apply, and comparatively evaluate relevant information within design processes.
PO-4Design: Ability to reproduce the design information in the creative thinking process, to reach new and original results through universal design principles such as sustainability and accessibility.
PO-5World Architecture: Understanding world architecture in terms of their historical, geographical and global factors.
PO-6Local Architecture / Cultural Diversity: Understanding the architectural formations and samples of a geography through its historical and cultural context. Understanding the divergent canons of cultural values, behavioral, social and spatial patterns.
PO-7Cultural Heritage and Conservation: Understanding of conservation discourses and methods, and the subjects of cultural heritage, conservation awareness, environmental concerns and ethical responsibility.
PO-8Sustainability: Ability to design projects by using the information regarding the natural and built environment to reduce the undesirable environmental impacts on future generations through means.
PO-9Social Responsibility: Understanding of the architect’s responsibility about protecting the commonweal, having respect for historical/cultural and natural resources and improving the life quality.
PO-10Nature and Human: Understanding of the relationship between human, the natural environment and the design of the built environment.
PO-11Geographical Conditions: Understanding the relationships of site selection, settlement and building design by considering the cultural, economical and social properties as well as the natural characteristics such as soil, topography, vegetation and watershed.
PO-12Life Safety: Understanding the basic principles of security and life-safety systems in the conditions of natural disasters, fire, etc. through building and environment scales.
PO-13Structural Systems: Understanding of the basic principles of structural behavior in withstanding gravity and lateral forces and the evolution, range, and appropriate application of contemporary structural systems.
PO-14Environmental Systems: Understanding the principles of physical environmental systems’ design such as lighting, acoustics, climatization and the use of appropriate performance assessment tools.
PO-15Building Envelope Systems: Understanding of the basic principles involved in the appropriate application of building envelope systems and associated assemblies.
PO-16Building Service Systems: Understanding of the basic design principles of building service systems such as plumbing, electrical, vertical transportation, security, and fire protection systems.
PO-17Building Materials and Assemblies: Understanding of the basic principles utilized in the appropriate selection of construction materials, products, components and assemblies, based on their inherent characteristics and performance, including their environmental impact and reuse.
PO-18Integration of Building Service Systems: The ability of assessing, selecting and integrating the structural, environmental, security, envelope and service systems of the buildings for building design.
PO-19Programming and Evaluation: Ability to prepare and evaluate an architectural project program by considering the public benefits in regards of client and user needs, appropriate examplers, space and equipment requirements, financial limitations, site conditions, relevant codes, laws and design principles.
PO-20Comprehensive Project Development: Ability to produce a comprehensive architectural project that demonstrates to make design decisions across various scales.
PO-21Considering Building Costs: Understanding the fundamentals of building construction and use costs.
PO-22Architect-Client Relationship: Understanding of the responsibility of the architect to elicit, understand, and reconcile the needs of the client, owner, user groups, and the public and community domains.
PO-23Collaboration: Ability to work in collaboration with others and in multidisciplinary teams to successfully complete design projects.
PO-24Project Management: Understanding of the methods for competing for commissions, selecting consultants and assembling teams, and recommending project delivery methods.
PO-25Practice Management: Understanding the basic principles in the architectural practice processes like financial management, business planning, quality management, risk management, discussion and reconciliation.
PO-26Leadership: Understanding of the techniques and skills architects use to work collaboratively in the building design and construction process and on environmental, social, and aesthetic issues in their communities.
PO-27Legal Rights and Responsibilities: Understanding of the architect’s responsibility to the public and the client as determined by regulations and legal considerations involving the practice of architecture.
PO-28Professional Practice: Understanding and fulfillment of employer and intern rights and responsibilities for development of profession.
PO-29Ethics of Profession: Understanding of the ethical issues involved in profession regarding social, political and cultural issues in architectural design and practice.
Learning Outcomes
LO-1Getting informed about the historic and cultural layers of Istanbul.
LO-2Learning the necessary approaches for the protection and conservation of urban, architectural and archaeological remains.
LO-3Understanding the responsibility of to be respectful to the historic and cultural values and to provide their continuity and sustainability.
LO-4Recognition of the components of cultural heritage in Istanbul, evaluation of their current state of conservation.
LO-5Discussion for the proper approaches for the protection of cultural heritage in Istanbul.
Course Assessment Matrix:
Program Outcomes - Learning Outcomes Matrix
 PO 1PO 2PO 3PO 4PO 5PO 6PO 7PO 8PO 9PO 10PO 11PO 12PO 13PO 14PO 15PO 16PO 17PO 18PO 19PO 20PO 21PO 22PO 23PO 24PO 25PO 26PO 27PO 28PO 29
LO 1
LO 2
LO 3
LO 4
LO 5