Faculty of Engineering and Architecture
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Architecture Main Page / Program Curriculum / SIMPLICITY AND COMPLEXITY IN ARCHITECTURE


Course CodeSemester Course Name LE/RC/LA Course Type Language of Instruction ECTS
Course Goals
Aim of this lecture is to reinvestigate  the 20th century architecture based of the concepts of simplicity and complexity. In this reinvestigation philosophical and scientific developments will be integrated with these concepts as well.
Prerequisite(s) -
Corequisite(s) -
Special Requisite(s) -
Instructor(s) Assist. Prof. Dr. Ömer SAATCIOĞLU (Bu ders, bu dönem açılmamıştır)
Course Assistant(s)
Schedule Tuesday, 15.00-18.00, Atakoy Campus, Architecture Material Class-B2,
Office Hour(s) Ömer Saatcıoğlu, Friday, 9.00-12.00, Atakoy Campus, 2C-13.
Teaching Methods and Techniques Theoritical education is supported with the visual examples of the given topic. The similarities and the differences are mentioned with the discussion.
Principle Sources

Alatlı, A., 2009. Hadi Baştan Alalım, Aklın Yolu da Bir Değildir, Başak Matbaacılık ve Tanıtım Ltd. Şti., Ankara, Türkiye.

Alexander, C., 2003. New Concepts In Complexity Theory arising from studies in the field of architecture: An overview of the four books of The Nature of Order with emphasis on the scientific problems which are raised, http://www.natureoforder.com/library-of-articles.htm

Ching, F. D. K., 2002. Mimarlık - biçim, mekan, düzen, Yapı Endüstri Merkezi Yayınlar, İstanbul, Türkiye.

Conrads, U., 1991. 20. Yüzyıl Mimarisinde Program Ve Manifestolar, Şevki Vanlı Mimarlık Vakfı, Ankara, Türkiye.

Corbusier, L., 2001. Bir Mimarlığa Doğru, Yapı Kredi Kültür Sanat Yayıncılık Ticaret ve Sanayi A.Ş., İstanbul, Türkiye.

Evers, B., 2006. Architectural Theory, From The Renaissance To The Present, Taschen, Çin.

Gribbin, J., 2005. Deep Simplicity, Penguin Books, Londra, İngiltere.

Jencks, C., 1997. The Architecture of the Jumping Universe, Academy Editions, Singapur.

Jodidio, P., 2001. New Forms, Architecture in the 1990’s, Taschen, Almanya.

Kaku, M., 1999. Hyperspace - A Scientific Odyssey through the 10th Dimension, Oxford Universitesi, İngiltere.

Leyton, M., 2006. Shape as Memory, Birkhauser, Basel, İsviçre

Oğuz, Ş., 1996.Mimari Estetik’in Kurumsal Çerçevesinin Oluşturulması,  Mimari estetikle İlgili Kavram Ve İlkelerin, Mimarlık Kuramlarının Ve Güncel Mimarlık Ortamının Bilgi – Kuramsal Bir Dizge içerisinde Değerlendirilmesi, Doktora Tezi, İstanbul, Türkiye.

Pawson, J., 1998. Minimum, Phaidon, Hong Kong .

Salingaros N.A., 1997. Life and Complexity in Architecture from a Thermodynamic Analogy, Physics Essays, Volume 10, Physics Essays Publications

Toy, M., 1994. Aspects Of Minimal Architecture, Architectural Design, Vol. 64, no. 7/8

Venturi, R., 1991. Mimarlıkta Karmaşıklık ve Çelişki, Şevki Vanlı Mimarlık Vakfı, Ankara, Türkiye.

Other Sources -
Course Schedules
Week Contents Learning Methods
1. Week Concept of simplicity and its roots Lecture
2. Week Concepts of complexity and its roots. Lecture
3. Week Cognition - Simplicity and complexity Lecture
4. Week Roots of modernism, rationality determinism. Lecture
5. Week Modernism - Loos, Corbusier, Mies Lecture
6. Week Minimalism Lecture
7. Week Scientific changes and shift to complexity, Uncertainty, quantum, relativity Lecture
8. Week Scientific changes and shift to complexity - Caos theory, Complexity in science Lecture
9. Week Postmodernism - Venturi and meaning Lecture
10. Week Fractals and Fractal Architecture Lecture
11. Week Midterm exam - Logic in east and west Exam + Lecture
12. Week East and west philosophy in simplicity and architecture Lecture
13. Week Deconstructivism and derida Lecture
14. Week Paradigm shift in architecture Lecture
15. Week
16. Week
17. Week
Evaluation tools Quantity Weight(%)
Midterm(s) 1 30
Attendance 1 30
Final Exam 1 40

Program Outcomes
PO-1Critical Thinking: Ability to inquire, use abstract ideas to interpret information, consider diverse points of view, reach well-reasoned conclusions.
PO-2Communication: Ability to use appropriate representational media to transmit essential formal elements at design process.
PO-3Investigation: Ability to gather, record, apply, and comparatively evaluate relevant information within design processes.
PO-4Design: Ability to reproduce the design information in the creative thinking process, to reach new and original results through universal design principles such as sustainability and accessibility.
PO-5World Architecture: Understanding world architecture in terms of their historical, geographical and global factors.
PO-6Local Architecture / Cultural Diversity: Understanding the architectural formations and samples of a geography through its historical and cultural context. Understanding the divergent canons of cultural values, behavioral, social and spatial patterns.
PO-7Cultural Heritage and Conservation: Understanding of conservation discourses and methods, and the subjects of cultural heritage, conservation awareness, environmental concerns and ethical responsibility.
PO-8Sustainability: Ability to design projects by using the information regarding the natural and built environment to reduce the undesirable environmental impacts on future generations through means.
PO-9Social Responsibility: Understanding of the architect’s responsibility about protecting the commonweal, having respect for historical/cultural and natural resources and improving the life quality.
PO-10Nature and Human: Understanding of the relationship between human, the natural environment and the design of the built environment.
PO-11Geographical Conditions: Understanding the relationships of site selection, settlement and building design by considering the cultural, economical and social properties as well as the natural characteristics such as soil, topography, vegetation and watershed.
PO-12Life Safety: Understanding the basic principles of security and life-safety systems in the conditions of natural disasters, fire, etc. through building and environment scales.
PO-13Structural Systems: Understanding of the basic principles of structural behavior in withstanding gravity and lateral forces and the evolution, range, and appropriate application of contemporary structural systems.
PO-14Environmental Systems: Understanding the principles of physical environmental systems’ design such as lighting, acoustics, climatization and the use of appropriate performance assessment tools.
PO-15Building Envelope Systems: Understanding of the basic principles involved in the appropriate application of building envelope systems and associated assemblies.
PO-16Building Service Systems: Understanding of the basic design principles of building service systems such as plumbing, electrical, vertical transportation, security, and fire protection systems.
PO-17Building Materials and Assemblies: Understanding of the basic principles utilized in the appropriate selection of construction materials, products, components and assemblies, based on their inherent characteristics and performance, including their environmental impact and reuse.
PO-18Integration of Building Service Systems: The ability of assessing, selecting and integrating the structural, environmental, security, envelope and service systems of the buildings for building design.
PO-19Programming and Evaluation: Ability to prepare and evaluate an architectural project program by considering the public benefits in regards of client and user needs, appropriate examplers, space and equipment requirements, financial limitations, site conditions, relevant codes, laws and design principles.
PO-20Comprehensive Project Development: Ability to produce a comprehensive architectural project that demonstrates to make design decisions across various scales.
PO-21Considering Building Costs: Understanding the fundamentals of building construction and use costs.
PO-22Architect-Client Relationship: Understanding of the responsibility of the architect to elicit, understand, and reconcile the needs of the client, owner, user groups, and the public and community domains.
PO-23Collaboration: Ability to work in collaboration with others and in multidisciplinary teams to successfully complete design projects.
PO-24Project Management: Understanding of the methods for competing for commissions, selecting consultants and assembling teams, and recommending project delivery methods.
PO-25Practice Management: Understanding the basic principles in the architectural practice processes like financial management, business planning, quality management, risk management, discussion and reconciliation.
PO-26Leadership: Understanding of the techniques and skills architects use to work collaboratively in the building design and construction process and on environmental, social, and aesthetic issues in their communities.
PO-27Legal Rights and Responsibilities: Understanding of the architect’s responsibility to the public and the client as determined by regulations and legal considerations involving the practice of architecture.
PO-28Professional Practice: Understanding and fulfillment of employer and intern rights and responsibilities for development of profession.
PO-29Ethics of Profession: Understanding of the ethical issues involved in profession regarding social, political and cultural issues in architectural design and practice.
Learning Outcomes
LO-1Understanding Simplicity and Complexity in 20th. century
LO-2Understanding background of Modernism in Architecture
LO-3Understanding background of Postmodernism in Achitecture
LO-4Understanding background of Deconstructivism in Architecture
LO-5Understanding scientific and philosopical background of simplicity and complexity in architecture
Course Assessment Matrix:
Program Outcomes - Learning Outcomes Matrix
 PO 1PO 2PO 3PO 4PO 5PO 6PO 7PO 8PO 9PO 10PO 11PO 12PO 13PO 14PO 15PO 16PO 17PO 18PO 19PO 20PO 21PO 22PO 23PO 24PO 25PO 26PO 27PO 28PO 29
LO 1
LO 2
LO 3
LO 4
LO 5