Faculty of Engineering and Architecture
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Architecture Main Page / Program Curriculum / URBAN HISTORY FROM MIDDLE AGES TO PRESENT


Course CodeSemester Course Name LE/RC/LA Course Type Language of Instruction ECTS
Course Goals
 The Elements of Urban Form through history in Middle Age, Renaissance, Baroque, Pre-Industrialization, Post-Industrialization and Twentieth century : Urban Settlement and  Edges (Protection and Exchange, Geographical Framework and Transportation, Boundaries, The Walled Edge, Open City, Morphological Classification in Urban Place, Urban Landscape and Settlement, Urban Form and Hydrography, Soft City Edges: Suburbs), Urban Development and Divisions (Reasons for Settlement and Development, Modifications in Place through Urban Development, differentiation of the place and urban functions, The Sovereign District, Religious Spaces, The Environment of Trade, Visible and Invisible Barriers and Cultural Divisions), Image of the City (Geography and Urban Space, The Nature of Urban Spaces, Distribution of Urban Spaces, Natural Environment: Characteristic of Urban Landscape, The Role of Scale, Urban Space and the Image of the City, Urban Parks, Urban Spaces of Today) subjects will be introduced by mentioning about the approaches and examples of each period.

Prerequisite(s) -
Corequisite(s) -
Special Requisite(s) -
Instructor(s) Assist. Prof. Dr. Nisa Semiz (Bu ders, bu dönem açılmamıştır)
Course Assistant(s)
Schedule Day, hours, XXX Campus, classroom number.
Office Hour(s) Instructor name, day, hours, XXX Campus, office number.
Teaching Methods and Techniques Lecture, Reading/Discussion, Site Trip, Term-Paper.
Principle Sources Kostof, S., 1999, The City Assembled, The Elements of Urban Form through History, Thames and Hudson, London
Morris, A.E.J, 1994, History of Urban Form, Before the Industrial Revolutions, Longman, Essex
Mumford, L., 1961, The City In History, Its Origins, Its Transformations, and Its Prospects, New York
Other Sources Aktüre, S., 1978, 19. Yüzyıl Sonunda Anadolu Kenti, ODTÜ Mimarlık Fakültesi Yayınları, Ankara
Kostof, S., 1995, A History of Architecture: Settings and Rituals, Oxford University Press, New York
Lynch, K., 1990, What Time is This Place?, MIT Press, Cambridge
Norberg-Schulz, C., 2000, Architecture: Presence, Language, Place, Skira Architecture Library, Milan
Ragon, M., 2010, Modern Mimarlık Ve Şehircilik Tarihi, Kabalcı Yayınevi, İstanbul
Course Schedules
Week Contents Learning Methods
1. Week What is Cİty? How were the early cities settled? The relation of huan being and the city. Lecture
2. Week Urban Planning Principles in Medieval Era, Development of Cities and Zoning, Urban Image and Urban Spaces. Lecture, Reading/Discussion
3. Week Urban Planning Principles in Medieval Era, Development of Cities and Zoning, Urban Image and Urban Spaces. Lecture
4. Week Urban Planning Principles in Renaissance Era, Development of Cities and Zoning, Urban Image and Urban Spaces. Lecture
5. Week Urban Planning Principles in Renaissance Era, Development of Cities and Zoning, Urban Image and Urban Spaces. Lecture, Reading/Discussion
6. Week Urban Planning Principles in Baroque Era,Development of Cities and Zoning, Urban Image and Urban Spaces. Lecture
7. Week Cities before Industrialization (17th and 18th centuries), Urban Planning Principles, Development of Cities and Functional Zoning, Urban Image and Urban Spaces. Lecture
8. Week Mid-Term Examination Mid-Term Examination
9. Week Cities after Industrialization (19th century), Urban Planning Principles, Development of Cities and Functional Zoning, Urban Image and Urban Spaces. Lecture
10. Week Site Trip (Urban Transformation in Istanbul during Westernization Period) Site Trip
11. Week Urban Planning Approaches of Early Modern Period Lecture
12. Week Urban Planning Approaches of Late Modern Period Lecture, Term Paper Submission
13. Week Urban Planning Approaches of Post-Modernism Lecture
14. Week City after Post-Modernism, Contemporary City Lecture
15. Week
16. Week
17. Week
Evaluation tools Quantity Weight(%)
Midterm(s) 1 20
Quizzes 2 10
Homework / Term Projects / Presentations 1 20
Site Trip 1 10
Final Exam 1 40

Program Outcomes
PO-1Critical Thinking: Ability to inquire, use abstract ideas to interpret information, consider diverse points of view, reach well-reasoned conclusions.
PO-2Communication: Ability to use appropriate representational media to transmit essential formal elements at design process.
PO-3Investigation: Ability to gather, record, apply, and comparatively evaluate relevant information within design processes.
PO-4Design: Ability to reproduce the design information in the creative thinking process, to reach new and original results through universal design principles such as sustainability and accessibility.
PO-5World Architecture: Understanding world architecture in terms of their historical, geographical and global factors.
PO-6Local Architecture / Cultural Diversity: Understanding the architectural formations and samples of a geography through its historical and cultural context. Understanding the divergent canons of cultural values, behavioral, social and spatial patterns.
PO-7Cultural Heritage and Conservation: Understanding of conservation discourses and methods, and the subjects of cultural heritage, conservation awareness, environmental concerns and ethical responsibility.
PO-8Sustainability: Ability to design projects by using the information regarding the natural and built environment to reduce the undesirable environmental impacts on future generations through means.
PO-9Social Responsibility: Understanding of the architect’s responsibility about protecting the commonweal, having respect for historical/cultural and natural resources and improving the life quality.
PO-10Nature and Human: Understanding of the relationship between human, the natural environment and the design of the built environment.
PO-11Geographical Conditions: Understanding the relationships of site selection, settlement and building design by considering the cultural, economical and social properties as well as the natural characteristics such as soil, topography, vegetation and watershed.
PO-12Life Safety: Understanding the basic principles of security and life-safety systems in the conditions of natural disasters, fire, etc. through building and environment scales.
PO-13Structural Systems: Understanding of the basic principles of structural behavior in withstanding gravity and lateral forces and the evolution, range, and appropriate application of contemporary structural systems.
PO-14Environmental Systems: Understanding the principles of physical environmental systems’ design such as lighting, acoustics, climatization and the use of appropriate performance assessment tools.
PO-15Building Envelope Systems: Understanding of the basic principles involved in the appropriate application of building envelope systems and associated assemblies.
PO-16Building Service Systems: Understanding of the basic design principles of building service systems such as plumbing, electrical, vertical transportation, security, and fire protection systems.
PO-17Building Materials and Assemblies: Understanding of the basic principles utilized in the appropriate selection of construction materials, products, components and assemblies, based on their inherent characteristics and performance, including their environmental impact and reuse.
PO-18Integration of Building Service Systems: The ability of assessing, selecting and integrating the structural, environmental, security, envelope and service systems of the buildings for building design.
PO-19Programming and Evaluation: Ability to prepare and evaluate an architectural project program by considering the public benefits in regards of client and user needs, appropriate examplers, space and equipment requirements, financial limitations, site conditions, relevant codes, laws and design principles.
PO-20Comprehensive Project Development: Ability to produce a comprehensive architectural project that demonstrates to make design decisions across various scales.
PO-21Considering Building Costs: Understanding the fundamentals of building construction and use costs.
PO-22Architect-Client Relationship: Understanding of the responsibility of the architect to elicit, understand, and reconcile the needs of the client, owner, user groups, and the public and community domains.
PO-23Collaboration: Ability to work in collaboration with others and in multidisciplinary teams to successfully complete design projects.
PO-24Project Management: Understanding of the methods for competing for commissions, selecting consultants and assembling teams, and recommending project delivery methods.
PO-25Practice Management: Understanding the basic principles in the architectural practice processes like financial management, business planning, quality management, risk management, discussion and reconciliation.
PO-26Leadership: Understanding of the techniques and skills architects use to work collaboratively in the building design and construction process and on environmental, social, and aesthetic issues in their communities.
PO-27Legal Rights and Responsibilities: Understanding of the architect’s responsibility to the public and the client as determined by regulations and legal considerations involving the practice of architecture.
PO-28Professional Practice: Understanding and fulfillment of employer and intern rights and responsibilities for development of profession.
PO-29Ethics of Profession: Understanding of the ethical issues involved in profession regarding social, political and cultural issues in architectural design and practice.
Learning Outcomes
LO-1To have theoretical information on the elements of urban form in middleages, renaissance,baroque and preindustrialization periods: urban settlement and boundries, urban development and urban separations, urban image topics and examples
LO-2To have information on theoretical level on the settlement and design principles of cities from middle ages to our age and the different functions that the urban spaces take in different geographies and cultures
LO-3to have information on theoretical level on the changes in cities in accordance with social and cultural developments and methods of urban analysis
LO-4to have information on human - city relations from historical context to our age
LO-5 to be able to interpret and evaluate the date on cities and spaces in the architectural design process
LO-6 to be able to evaluate the settlement and design principles of cities in history with a criticising approach
LO-7 to be able to run an advanced independent study with the settlement and design principles in history
Course Assessment Matrix:
Program Outcomes - Learning Outcomes Matrix
 PO 1PO 2PO 3PO 4PO 5PO 6PO 7PO 8PO 9PO 10PO 11PO 12PO 13PO 14PO 15PO 16PO 17PO 18PO 19PO 20PO 21PO 22PO 23PO 24PO 25PO 26PO 27PO 28PO 29
LO 1
LO 2
LO 3
LO 4
LO 5
LO 6
LO 7