Faculty of Engineering and Architecture
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Course CodeSemester Course Name LE/RC/LA Course Type Language of Instruction ECTS
Course Goals
General information on Istanbul, Establishment of Rome and its development until Constantinopolis, Establishment of Byzantium and Constantinopolis, Comparison of Rome and Constantinopolis in 4th century, Byzantine Urban Spaces and Urban elements, Byzantine Religious Buildings, Byzantine non-religious public buildings, Changes in Urban Structure after Ottomans, Early public works and early building complexes, Urban Projects of Mimar Sinan Period, Mimar Sinan Period Religious Buildings, Mimar Sinan Period non-religious public buildings, Comparison of Mimar Sinan Period Architecture and Renaissance Architecture, Urban Developments after Industrial Revolution in Europe, Urban and Architectural  Transformations in 18th and 19th centuries in Istanbul, Public Buildings in 19th century in Istanbul are the contents of this course.
Prerequisite(s) -
Corequisite(s) -
Special Requisite(s) -
Instructor(s) Assist. Prof. Dr. Nisa Semiz (Bu ders, bu dönem açılmamıştır)
Course Assistant(s)
Schedule Day, hours, XXX Campus, classroom number.
Office Hour(s) Instructor name, day, hours, XXX Campus, office number.
Teaching Methods and Techniques Lectures, Readings/Discussions, Site Trip, Term Paper
Principle Sources Kuban, D. (1998), İstanbul Yazıları, Yem, İstanbul
Müller-Wiener, W. (1998), İstanbul’un Tarihsel Topoğrafyası, YKY, İstanbul
Yerasimos, S. (2000), İstanbul: İmparatorluklar Başkenti, TETTV, İstanbul
Other Sources Akın, N., (2002), 19. Yüzyılın İkinci Yarısında Galata ve Pera, Literatür Yayınları, İstanbul
Belge, M. (1997), İstanbul Gezi Rehberi, TETTV, İstanbul
Bussagli, M. (1999), Rome: Art and Architecture, Könemann, Cologne
Çelik, Z. (1998), 19. yüzyılda Osmanlı Başkenti, Değişen İstanbul, TETTV, İstanbul
Sanat Dünyamız; Bizans Özel Sayısı, 3 Aylık Kültür ve Sanat Dergisi, s.69-70, Yıl:6, İstanbul, 1998
Course Schedules
Week Contents Learning Methods
1. Week The establishment of Rome and its development until the establishment of Constantinopolis, Byzanion and establishment of Constantinopolis as the capital city. Lecture
2. Week Rome and Constantinopolis in 4th century. Lecture
3. Week Urban Spaces and elements of Byzantine Era. Lecture
4. Week Byzantine Period religious and public buildings. Lecture, Reading/Discussion
5. Week Byzantine Period religious and public buildings. Lecture
6. Week Byzantine Period religious and public buildings. Lecture
7. Week Site Trip Site Trip
8. Week Mid-Term Exam Mid-Term Exam
9. Week Urban transformations in Istanbul, after the conquest by Ottomans, development works, first 'kulliye's in the city. Lecture
10. Week Urban Projects of Architect Sinan Era, religious and public buildings of Architect Sinan. Lecture, Reading/Discussion
11. Week Comparison of Renaissance and architecture of Architect Sinan. Lecture, Term-Paper Submission
12. Week Site Trip Site Trip
13. Week Urban transformations after industrialization in Western World, urban and architectural developments in Istanbul in 18th and 19th centuries. Lecture
14. Week 19th century royal residences and public buildings in Istanbul. Lecture
15. Week
16. Week
17. Week
Evaluation tools Quantity Weight(%)
Midterm(s) 1 20
Quizzes 2 10
Homework / Term Projects / Presentations 1 20
2 10
Final Exam 1 40

Program Outcomes
PO-1Critical Thinking: Ability to inquire, use abstract ideas to interpret information, consider diverse points of view, reach well-reasoned conclusions.
PO-2Communication: Ability to use appropriate representational media to transmit essential formal elements at design process.
PO-3Investigation: Ability to gather, record, apply, and comparatively evaluate relevant information within design processes.
PO-4Design: Ability to reproduce the design information in the creative thinking process, to reach new and original results through universal design principles such as sustainability and accessibility.
PO-5World Architecture: Understanding world architecture in terms of their historical, geographical and global factors.
PO-6Local Architecture / Cultural Diversity: Understanding the architectural formations and samples of a geography through its historical and cultural context. Understanding the divergent canons of cultural values, behavioral, social and spatial patterns.
PO-7Cultural Heritage and Conservation: Understanding of conservation discourses and methods, and the subjects of cultural heritage, conservation awareness, environmental concerns and ethical responsibility.
PO-8Sustainability: Ability to design projects by using the information regarding the natural and built environment to reduce the undesirable environmental impacts on future generations through means.
PO-9Social Responsibility: Understanding of the architect’s responsibility about protecting the commonweal, having respect for historical/cultural and natural resources and improving the life quality.
PO-10Nature and Human: Understanding of the relationship between human, the natural environment and the design of the built environment.
PO-11Geographical Conditions: Understanding the relationships of site selection, settlement and building design by considering the cultural, economical and social properties as well as the natural characteristics such as soil, topography, vegetation and watershed.
PO-12Life Safety: Understanding the basic principles of security and life-safety systems in the conditions of natural disasters, fire, etc. through building and environment scales.
PO-13Structural Systems: Understanding of the basic principles of structural behavior in withstanding gravity and lateral forces and the evolution, range, and appropriate application of contemporary structural systems.
PO-14Environmental Systems: Understanding the principles of physical environmental systems’ design such as lighting, acoustics, climatization and the use of appropriate performance assessment tools.
PO-15Building Envelope Systems: Understanding of the basic principles involved in the appropriate application of building envelope systems and associated assemblies.
PO-16Building Service Systems: Understanding of the basic design principles of building service systems such as plumbing, electrical, vertical transportation, security, and fire protection systems.
PO-17Building Materials and Assemblies: Understanding of the basic principles utilized in the appropriate selection of construction materials, products, components and assemblies, based on their inherent characteristics and performance, including their environmental impact and reuse.
PO-18Integration of Building Service Systems: The ability of assessing, selecting and integrating the structural, environmental, security, envelope and service systems of the buildings for building design.
PO-19Programming and Evaluation: Ability to prepare and evaluate an architectural project program by considering the public benefits in regards of client and user needs, appropriate examplers, space and equipment requirements, financial limitations, site conditions, relevant codes, laws and design principles.
PO-20Comprehensive Project Development: Ability to produce a comprehensive architectural project that demonstrates to make design decisions across various scales.
PO-21Considering Building Costs: Understanding the fundamentals of building construction and use costs.
PO-22Architect-Client Relationship: Understanding of the responsibility of the architect to elicit, understand, and reconcile the needs of the client, owner, user groups, and the public and community domains.
PO-23Collaboration: Ability to work in collaboration with others and in multidisciplinary teams to successfully complete design projects.
PO-24Project Management: Understanding of the methods for competing for commissions, selecting consultants and assembling teams, and recommending project delivery methods.
PO-25Practice Management: Understanding the basic principles in the architectural practice processes like financial management, business planning, quality management, risk management, discussion and reconciliation.
PO-26Leadership: Understanding of the techniques and skills architects use to work collaboratively in the building design and construction process and on environmental, social, and aesthetic issues in their communities.
PO-27Legal Rights and Responsibilities: Understanding of the architect’s responsibility to the public and the client as determined by regulations and legal considerations involving the practice of architecture.
PO-28Professional Practice: Understanding and fulfillment of employer and intern rights and responsibilities for development of profession.
PO-29Ethics of Profession: Understanding of the ethical issues involved in profession regarding social, political and cultural issues in architectural design and practice.
Learning Outcomes
LO-1To have theoretical knowledge regarding the development of Roman City and it’s development until Constantinopolis, the development of Byzantium and Constatninopolis, the Roma and Constantinopolis in IV. Century
LO-2To have theoretical knowledge regarding the urban spaces of Byzantine Empire, Byzantine period public and religious buildings, the transformations in the urban structure with Ottoman period, first development actions
LO-3To have theoretical knowledge regarding Architect Sinan period religious and public buildings and comparatively Sinan period and renaissance period arcitecture
LO-4To have theoretical knowledge regarding the urban development with industrial revolution, urban and architectural transformation in İstanbul in 18. and 19. century
LO-5To have the competency of evaluating and interpreting theurban and architactural transformations of İstanbul from its establishment until today with it’s socio-cultural structure
LO-6To have the competency of evaluating the Byzantium, Ottoman Classic and Ottoman reformist architecture by comparing with the Roman Architecture and developments in Europe from a critical viewpoint.
LO-7To have the competency of coordinating a research project regarding Byzantium, Ottoman Classic and Ottoman Reformist architecture in İstanbul
Course Assessment Matrix:
Program Outcomes - Learning Outcomes Matrix
 PO 1PO 2PO 3PO 4PO 5PO 6PO 7PO 8PO 9PO 10PO 11PO 12PO 13PO 14PO 15PO 16PO 17PO 18PO 19PO 20PO 21PO 22PO 23PO 24PO 25PO 26PO 27PO 28PO 29
LO 1
LO 2
LO 3
LO 4
LO 5
LO 6
LO 7