Faculty of Engineering and Architecture
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Architecture Main Page / Program Curriculum / CONCEPTS OF ARCHITECTURE


Course CodeSemester Course Name LE/RC/LA Course Type Language of Instruction ECTS
Course Goals The aim of the course is to introduce the students with the concepts related with architecture and the history of architecture.


The concepts to be discussed in the course are as follows:

Definition of physical environment and social environment, people-environment relations; Concepts of building, form, materials, structure, technique, space; Definition of architecture and its historical development; Concepts of function, dimension, form, human dimensions, user needs; Definition of building materials: stone, wood, earth, mortar, steel, concrete, glass; Traditional structural systems in architecture; Contemporary structural systems in architecture; Aesthetics in architecture; Architecture and the other arts; City and architecture.

Prerequisite(s) None
Corequisite(s) %70 attendance
Special Requisite(s) None
Instructor(s) Assist. Prof. Dr. Ömer SAATÇİOĞLU
Course Assistant(s)
Schedule Tuesday, 11:00-13:00; 13:00-15:00, ZB-1/3b12-16
Office Hour(s) Assist. Prof. Ömer Saatçioğlu, Wednesday, 14:00-16:00, 2G01
Teaching Methods and Techniques -Lecture, discussion
Principle Sources Arcan, Enis F. ve Evci, Fikret, Mimari Tasarıma Yaklaşım, İstanbul: İki K Yayınevi, 1992.
  Ching, Francis D. K., Architecture: Form, Space & Order, New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1996.   Curl, James Steven, A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture, London: Oxford University Press, 2006.   Hasol, Doğan, Mimarlık Sözlüğü, İstanbul: Yem Yayın, 1993.   Kostof, Spiro, The Architect, New York: Oxford University Press, 1977.   Krier, Rob, Architectural Composition, London: Academy Editions, 1991.   Kuban, Doğan, Mimarlık Kavramları: Mimarlığın Kuramsal Sözlüğüne Giriş, İstanbul: Çevre Yayınları, 1984.   Kuban, Doğan, Ottoman Architecture, İstanbul: YEM Yayın, 2010.   Lang, Jon, Creating Architectural Theory, New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1987.   Lynch, Kevin, The Image Of The City, Cambridge, Mass., 1960.   Norberg-Schulz, Christian, Existence, Space & Architecture, New York: Praeger Publishers, 1971.   Norberg-Schulz, Christian, Genius Loci: Towards A Phenomenology Of Architecture, New York: Rizzoli, 1980.   Onat, Esen, Mimarlık, Form ve Geometri, İstanbul: Yem Yayın, 1995. (Turkish and English)   Patt, Doug, How to Architect, Cambridge, Mass.: The MIT Press, 2012.   Pallasmaa, Juhani, The Eyes of The Skin: Architecture and the Senses, John Wiley & Sons Limited, 2005.   Rasmussen, Steen R., Experiencing Architecture (Yaşanan Mimari), Cambridge: The M.I.T. Press, 1962.   Roth, Leland M., Understanding Architecture: Its Elements, History and Meaning,  Westview Press, 2007.   Vitruvius, The Ten Books on Architecture, Dover Publications, 1960.
Other Sources -
Course Schedules
Week Contents Learning Methods
1. Week Introduction and explanation of the course program:What is Architecture? Introduction and explanation of the course program Introduction of the contents of the course
2. Week Logic of Materials, structure Presentation of the course and discussion
3. Week Construction Materials, Structure Design Presentation of the course and discussion
4. Week Archtectural Space Presentation of the course and discussion
5. Week Relation between Form, Function, Structure Presentation of the course and discussion
6. Week Sketch to Think Presentation of the course and discussion
7. Week Model to design Presentation of the course and discussion
8. Week Geometry, Ratio, Scale, Architectural Aesthetics
9. Week Logic of Architectural Presentations Presentation of the course and discussion
10. Week Technology and Architecture Presentation of the course and discussion
11. Week Midterm/ Arts and Architecture Presentation of the course and discussion
12. Week Urban and Regional planning-İstanbul Presentation of the course and discussion
13. Week Archtectural styles and architects Presentation of the course and discussion
14. Week Archtectural styles and architects Presentation of the course and discussion
15. Week
16. Week
17. Week
Evaluation tools Quantity Weight(%)
Midterm(s) 1 20
Attendance 14 60
Final Exam 1 20

Program Outcomes
PO-1Critical Thinking: Ability to inquire, use abstract ideas to interpret information, consider diverse points of view, reach well-reasoned conclusions.
PO-2Communication: Ability to use appropriate representational media to transmit essential formal elements at design process.
PO-3Investigation: Ability to gather, record, apply, and comparatively evaluate relevant information within design processes.
PO-4Design: Ability to reproduce the design information in the creative thinking process, to reach new and original results through universal design principles such as sustainability and accessibility.
PO-5World Architecture: Understanding world architecture in terms of their historical, geographical and global factors.
PO-6Local Architecture / Cultural Diversity: Understanding the architectural formations and samples of a geography through its historical and cultural context. Understanding the divergent canons of cultural values, behavioral, social and spatial patterns.
PO-7Cultural Heritage and Conservation: Understanding of conservation discourses and methods, and the subjects of cultural heritage, conservation awareness, environmental concerns and ethical responsibility.
PO-8Sustainability: Ability to design projects by using the information regarding the natural and built environment to reduce the undesirable environmental impacts on future generations through means.
PO-9Social Responsibility: Understanding of the architect’s responsibility about protecting the commonweal, having respect for historical/cultural and natural resources and improving the life quality.
PO-10Nature and Human: Understanding of the relationship between human, the natural environment and the design of the built environment.
PO-11Geographical Conditions: Understanding the relationships of site selection, settlement and building design by considering the cultural, economical and social properties as well as the natural characteristics such as soil, topography, vegetation and watershed.
PO-12Life Safety: Understanding the basic principles of security and life-safety systems in the conditions of natural disasters, fire, etc. through building and environment scales.
PO-13Structural Systems: Understanding of the basic principles of structural behavior in withstanding gravity and lateral forces and the evolution, range, and appropriate application of contemporary structural systems.
PO-14Environmental Systems: Understanding the principles of physical environmental systems’ design such as lighting, acoustics, climatization and the use of appropriate performance assessment tools.
PO-15Building Envelope Systems: Understanding of the basic principles involved in the appropriate application of building envelope systems and associated assemblies.
PO-16Building Service Systems: Understanding of the basic design principles of building service systems such as plumbing, electrical, vertical transportation, security, and fire protection systems.
PO-17Building Materials and Assemblies: Understanding of the basic principles utilized in the appropriate selection of construction materials, products, components and assemblies, based on their inherent characteristics and performance, including their environmental impact and reuse.
PO-18Integration of Building Service Systems: The ability of assessing, selecting and integrating the structural, environmental, security, envelope and service systems of the buildings for building design.
PO-19Programming and Evaluation: Ability to prepare and evaluate an architectural project program by considering the public benefits in regards of client and user needs, appropriate examplers, space and equipment requirements, financial limitations, site conditions, relevant codes, laws and design principles.
PO-20Comprehensive Project Development: Ability to produce a comprehensive architectural project that demonstrates to make design decisions across various scales.
PO-21Considering Building Costs: Understanding the fundamentals of building construction and use costs.
PO-22Architect-Client Relationship: Understanding of the responsibility of the architect to elicit, understand, and reconcile the needs of the client, owner, user groups, and the public and community domains.
PO-23Collaboration: Ability to work in collaboration with others and in multidisciplinary teams to successfully complete design projects.
PO-24Project Management: Understanding of the methods for competing for commissions, selecting consultants and assembling teams, and recommending project delivery methods.
PO-25Practice Management: Understanding the basic principles in the architectural practice processes like financial management, business planning, quality management, risk management, discussion and reconciliation.
PO-26Leadership: Understanding of the techniques and skills architects use to work collaboratively in the building design and construction process and on environmental, social, and aesthetic issues in their communities.
PO-27Legal Rights and Responsibilities: Understanding of the architect’s responsibility to the public and the client as determined by regulations and legal considerations involving the practice of architecture.
PO-28Professional Practice: Understanding and fulfillment of employer and intern rights and responsibilities for development of profession.
PO-29Ethics of Profession: Understanding of the ethical issues involved in profession regarding social, political and cultural issues in architectural design and practice.
Learning Outcomes
LO-1Acquisition of knowledge about national and regional architecture including local architecture , national traditions in landscape and urban design, and effects of historical heritage (KNOWLEDGE).
LO-2Acquiring theoretical knowledge about architectural history and related notions (KNOWLEDGE).
LO-3Interpreting and evaluating structural concepts emerging throughout the history of architecture (SKILLS).
LO-4Interpreting and evaluating the difference of the behavioural, social and spatial patterns, which characterize different cultures (SKILLS).
LO-5Evaluating critically the relationship of the building with environmental conditions and human beings (COMPETENCE).
Course Assessment Matrix:
Program Outcomes - Learning Outcomes Matrix
 PO 1PO 2PO 3PO 4PO 5PO 6PO 7PO 8PO 9PO 10PO 11PO 12PO 13PO 14PO 15PO 16PO 17PO 18PO 19PO 20PO 21PO 22PO 23PO 24PO 25PO 26PO 27PO 28PO 29
LO 1
LO 2
LO 3
LO 4
LO 5