The architecture of the Enlightenment and urban design approaches in the 18th century, Industrial Revolution in the 19th c. and urban and architectural problems and approaches. The effects of industrialization on architecture, architectural movements and examples, International Style, CIAM Congresses, Modernism in Europe and abroad. Introduction to Criticisms on Modernism, Post-Modernism and contemporary approaches in architecture; Post-Structuralism, Deconstructivism, sustainability in architecture, Ecological design.
Bachelard, G., 1996, Mekânın Poetikası, Kesit Yayıncılık, İstanbul
Conrads, U., 1991 , 20. Yüzyıl Mimarisinde Program ve Manifestolar, Maya, İstanbul
Davies, C., 2011, Thinking About Architecture, Laurence King, China
Frampton, K., 1997, Modern Architecture: A Critical History, Thames and Hudson, London
Kruft, H.-W., 1994, A History of Architectural Theory From Vitruvius to the Present, Princeton Architectural Press, New York
Ragon, M., 2010, Modern Mimarlık ve Şehircilik Tarihi, Kabalcı, İstanbul
Sennott, R. S., (ed.), 2004, Encyclopedia of 20th Century Architecture, Fitzroy Dearborn, London
Venturi, R., Scott Brown, D., Izenour, S., 1994, Learning From Las Vegas, The MIT Press.
Presentation of contents.
18th century, Historisizm, Neo-Classism
18th century, Historisizm, Romantism
19th century, Urban design
Industrial Revolution and its effects on architecture, first Skyscrapers
19. yüzyıl, unique experiments and turn of the century styles
Bauhaus, International Style
Mies van der Rohe
Art Deco; Frank Lloyd Wright
Term-paper Submission, Presentation.
Term-paper Submission, Presentation.
Homework / Term Projects / Presentations
Critical Thinking: Ability to inquire, use abstract ideas to interpret information, consider diverse points of view, reach well-reasoned conclusions.
Communication: Ability to use appropriate representational media to transmit essential formal elements at design process.
Investigation: Ability to gather, record, apply, and comparatively evaluate relevant information within design processes.
Design: Ability to reproduce the design information in the creative thinking process, to reach new and original results through universal design principles such as sustainability and accessibility.
World Architecture: Understanding world architecture in terms of their historical, geographical and global factors.
Local Architecture / Cultural Diversity: Understanding the architectural formations and samples of a geography through its historical and cultural context. Understanding the divergent canons of cultural values, behavioral, social and spatial patterns.
Cultural Heritage and Conservation: Understanding of conservation discourses and methods, and the subjects of cultural heritage, conservation awareness, environmental concerns and ethical responsibility.
Sustainability: Ability to design projects by using the information regarding the natural and built environment to reduce the undesirable environmental impacts on future generations through means.
Social Responsibility: Understanding of the architect’s responsibility about protecting the commonweal, having respect for historical/cultural and natural resources and improving the life quality.
Nature and Human: Understanding of the relationship between human, the natural environment and the design of the built environment.
Geographical Conditions: Understanding the relationships of site selection, settlement and building design by considering the cultural, economical and social properties as well as the natural characteristics such as soil, topography, vegetation and watershed.
Life Safety: Understanding the basic principles of security and life-safety systems in the conditions of natural disasters, fire, etc. through building and environment scales.
Structural Systems: Understanding of the basic principles of structural behavior in withstanding gravity and lateral forces and the evolution, range, and appropriate application of contemporary structural systems.
Environmental Systems: Understanding the principles of physical environmental systems’ design such as lighting, acoustics, climatization and the use of appropriate performance assessment tools.
Building Envelope Systems: Understanding of the basic principles involved in the appropriate application of building envelope systems and associated assemblies.
Building Service Systems: Understanding of the basic design principles of building service systems such as plumbing, electrical, vertical transportation, security, and fire protection systems.
Building Materials and Assemblies: Understanding of the basic principles utilized in the appropriate selection of construction materials, products, components and assemblies, based on their inherent characteristics and performance, including their environmental impact and reuse.
Integration of Building Service Systems: The ability of assessing, selecting and integrating the structural, environmental, security, envelope and service systems of the buildings for building design.
Programming and Evaluation: Ability to prepare and evaluate an architectural project program by considering the public benefits in regards of client and user needs, appropriate examplers, space and equipment requirements, financial limitations, site conditions, relevant codes, laws and design principles.
Comprehensive Project Development: Ability to produce a comprehensive architectural project that demonstrates to make design decisions across various scales.
Considering Building Costs: Understanding the fundamentals of building construction and use costs.
Architect-Client Relationship: Understanding of the responsibility of the architect to elicit, understand, and reconcile the needs of the client, owner, user groups, and the public and community domains.
Collaboration: Ability to work in collaboration with others and in multidisciplinary teams to successfully complete design projects.
Project Management: Understanding of the methods for competing for commissions, selecting consultants and assembling teams, and recommending project delivery methods.
Practice Management: Understanding the basic principles in the architectural practice processes like financial management, business planning, quality management, risk management, discussion and reconciliation.
Leadership: Understanding of the techniques and skills architects use to work collaboratively in the building design and construction process and on environmental, social, and aesthetic issues in their communities.
Legal Rights and Responsibilities:
Understanding of the architect’s responsibility to the public and the client as determined by regulations and legal considerations involving the practice of architecture.
Professional Practice: Understanding and fulfillment of employer and intern rights and responsibilities for development of profession.
Ethics of Profession: Understanding of the ethical issues involved in profession regarding social, political and cultural issues in architectural design and practice.
To gain theoritical level of knowledge about 18.centuryEnlightment architecture and urban design approaches
To gain theoritical level of knowledge about 19.century industrial revolution in architecture and the urban and architectural problems and approachesto issues brought by industrialization
To gain theoritical level of knowledge about the architectural examples of emerging trends in the field of architecture as a result of the effects of industrialization in the beginning of 20.th century.
To gain theoritical level of knowledge about the issues related with International Style, CIAM Congress and the development of Modernism in Europe and outside Europe, The criticism of Modernism, Post-Modernism and after PoMo architecture
To gain theoritical level of knowledge about the issues related with current arhitectural approaches, the Post- Structuralism, Sustainability in architecture, ecological design, architectural approaches in Netherlands and Spain
Be skilled of interpretation and evalution of the principles of architecture and urban development from 18.th century to the present in the context of social, cultural and historic process
To have the competence to conduct an advanced study independently
To have the competence to make a critical approach