Faculty of Health Sciences
Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation
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Neurophysiological Approaches I

Course CodeSemester Course Name LE/RC/LA Course Type Language of Instruction ECTS
FTR5002 5 Neurophysiological Approaches I 2/4/0 CC Turkish 4
Course Goals
 The basic theoretical and practical knowledge of the PNF techniques and the physiological mechanisms of action of the Brunnstrom treatment approach and its application principles.
Prerequisite(s) -
Corequisite(s) -
Special Requisite(s) -
Instructor(s) Professor Burcu Semin Akel
Course Assistant(s) -
Schedule -
Office Hour(s) -
Teaching Methods and Techniques -Verbal Lecture - Practice
Principle Sources -- Otman S, Karaduman, Livanelioğlu, Neurophysiological Approaches in Hemiplegia Rehabilitation. Hacettepe University articles 21,2001
-Therapeutic Exercise for Body Alignment and Function, Marian Williams, Catherine Worthingham -Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation, Margret Knott, Dorothy E. Voss -PNF in Practice, S.s. Adler, D. Beckers, M.Buck
Other Sources -
Course Schedules
Week Contents Learning Methods
1. Week Introduction to Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF) verbal lecture- practice
2. Week PNF upper extremity patterns, identification of muscles verbal lecture- practice
3. Week PNF upper extremity half pattern applications verbal lecture- practice
4. Week PNF lower extremity patterns, identification of muscles verbal lecture- practice
5. Week PNF lower extremity half pattern applications verbal lecture- practice
6. Week PNF scapula and pelvis patterns / PNF neck, lower and upper body patterns verbal lecture- practice
7. Week Midterm verbal lecture- practice
8. Week PNF facilitation techniques verbal lecture- practice
9. Week PNF inhibition techniques verbal lecture- practice
10. Week PNF mat exercises verbal lecture- practice
11. Week Brunnstrom Therapy Approach - Theoretical Theory and Evaluation Principles verbal lecture- practice
12. Week Brunnstrom Therapy Approach - Upper extremity training verbal lecture- practice
13. Week Brunnstrom Treatment Approach - Lower extremity verbal lecture- practice
14. Week Brunnstrom Treatment Approach - Walking training verbal lecture- practice
15. Week
16. Week
17. Week
Evaluation tools Quantity Weight(%)
Midterm(s) 1 40
Final Exam 1 60

Program Outcomes
PO-11. Analyze the interactions of structures (cells, tissues, organs), organs, segments, construction body at the micro and macro level.
PO-22. Can measure and evaluate the human body on the basis of physical structure.
PO-33. Can determine the conditions that cause functional impairment, the extent of functional impairment and the effects of people on their lives.
PO-44. Takes an active role in consultation, patient follow-up and treatment processes in growth and developmental disorders.
PO-55. Takes an active role in consultation, patient follow-up and treatment of chronic progressive diseases (cancer, muscular diseases, nervous system diseases, metabolic diseases), reducing the effects of the disease (pain, functional impairment).
PO-66. Takes an active role in determining, predicting, preventing, following and treating the problems that come from the old age.
PO-77. Has an active role in hospitals, private clinics, health centers, rehabilitation centers, disabled and elderly care diseases and follow-up processes.
PO-88. Can act as an active role or autonomous to identify, prevent and monitor health-related risk factors.
PO-99. Improvement of disease areas and functional areas, improvement and improvement processes.
PO-1010. To make it possible to evaluate, develop and improve public health.
PO-1111. They can take an active role in project development and the related centers for the treatment of persons with disabilities, rehabilitation center, professional rehabilitation center establishment.
Learning Outcomes
LO-1Describe the mechanisms of neurophysiological action of PNF techniques.
LO-2Indicate the place and intended use of PNF techniques in therapeutic exercises
LO-3Gain problem solving skills for facilitating or inhibiting purposes in different neuromuscular system disorders.
LO-4 PNF techniques gain application skills in different clinical situations.
LO-5Defines the neurophysiologic mechanisms of action of the Brunnstrom method.
LO-6In Brunnstrom, the stages and the explanation are gained by the evaluation according to the stage.
LO-7According to the Brunnstrom stages, the treatment methods and exercises applied to the upper extremity and lower extremity gain the skill of application
Course Assessment Matrix:
Program Outcomes - Learning Outcomes Matrix
 PO 1PO 2PO 3PO 4PO 5PO 6PO 7PO 8PO 9PO 10PO 11
LO 1
LO 2
LO 3
LO 4
LO 5
LO 6
LO 7